The two-year project “Visual analytics for text-intensive social science research on immigration” (VisAn-MIG) is based on harnessing an interdisciplinary research methodology bringing together computer science tools and social science qualitative methods in understanding changing perceptions and constructions of immigrants and refugees in Canada in the last two centuries. More specifically, it brings computer science into the realm of social science to enable social scientists to retrieve and analyze much larger document collections than what has traditionally been possible with qualitative document / textual analysis. This methodology consists of the integration of visual analytics (VA) with state-of-the-art machine learning and natural language processing (NLP). Deep language models pre-trained on massive news corpora are expected to effectively capture nuanced semantics in news sources. In this research program, VA tools will be developed and applied to conduct document analysis on historical immigration patterns and immigrant representations in two Canadian major national newspapers (Globe and Mail, and Toronto Star).
Considering that immigration is an ongoing issue and an integral part of Canadian history, the study will explore how perceptions and construction of immigrants and refugees in news media have evolved in tandem with, and under the impact of Canada’s political economy and nation-building endeavours. By systematically tracing and investigating these, the project will shed light on the fundamental and dialectical role of immigrants and refugees, and related policies in Canada, with socio-economic processes, development outcomes and multicultural identity. To address the project’s research objectives, the computer science and social science teams will co-develop innovative VA tools to glean the body of documents that will further be analyzed through critical discourse analysis (CDA), to reveal how the social structures of power, dominance and inequality are manifested over time through the shifting legislative and policy discourses in Canada in public perceptions of immigrants and refugees.
The outcomes of this pioneering project will affect the future of both computer and social sciences: 1) more documents will be available and accessible for elaborate research questions and answers, including in the realms of parliamentary debate records, court decisions, scholarly publications, policy documents, written forms of art, and social media; 2) Computerized tools can be honed for the retrieval, organization, conceptualization and summarization of large amounts of text in these and other relevant realms; 3) Understanding the changing, and often contradictory, perceptions/constructions of immigrants/refugees in Canadian history, and how these are systematically connected to specific economic, demographic, and political developments in the ongoing making of the Canadian state will be of great benefit to scholars, policy-makers and the broader public. The project may debunk certain taken-for-granted “truths” about Canada but it can also help shape more informed policy to cope with economic and social challenges of the 21st century.
75 years ago Canadian families needed domestic workers (Globe and Mail, 1947): "Will select 1,000 DP Girls as Domestics for Canada"8 July 2022
Historic labour market analysis (Globe and Mail, 1875): "A Letter From Canada"8 June 2022
110 years ago Among Canadian Newcomers (by Globe and Mail): "A Norwegian Settlement in Central Alberta"24 May 2022
100 years ago (Globe and Mail) Songs on Lips of Newcomers: "Colonist train goes west with happy Slavs, Turks and Italians are no longer enemies"1 May 2022
36 years ago (Globe and Mail) the Chernobyl explosion: "Ukrainian Canadians Wait for News"18 April 2022
27 years ago (Globe and Mail) Significant Treasures: "Ukrainian Tradition of Decorating Eggs"19 March 2022
73 years ago (Globe and Mail) The arrival of Ukrainian families: "Families Reunite as DPs arrive"1 March 2022
75 years ago (Globe and Mail) Vera Lysenko publishes her book on 50 years of Ukrainian settlement in Canada: "Men in Sheepskin Coats: A Study on Assimilation"14 February 2022
Lover DP's reunion, Globe and Mail: "Maid of Mist Lovers: One in Canada, One in the US"